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**Week 13: **Teach and reflect

This week we were to teach our lesson, post the write up of our lesson and include the product created by the students using technology. The following is my activity and lesson plan. The hyperlinks in the text will take you to the pre and posttests, the rubric used for the tests, as well as the products created by the students.

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**Title of Activity:** Fraction Reference Book

**Grade Level:** 3^{rd} grade

**Lesson Plan Created By:** Leslie Burdick

**Alaska Mathematics Standards Taught:**

- 3. NF.1. Understand a fraction 1/
*b*(e.g., 1/4) as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into*b*(e.g., 4) equal parts; understand a fraction*a*/*b*(e.g., 2/4) as the quantity formed by*a*(e.g., 2) parts of size 1/*b*. (e.g., 1/4) - 3. NF.3. Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.

a. Understand two fractions as equivalent if they are the same size (modeled) or the same point on a number line.

b. Recognize and generate simple equivalent fractions (e.g., 1/2 = 2/4, 4/6 = 2/3). Explain why the fractions are equivalent (e.g., by using a visual fraction model). c. Express and model whole numbers as fractions, and recognize and construct fractions that are equivalent to whole numbers.

d. Compare two fractions with the same numerator or the same denominator by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions (e.g., by using a visual fraction model).

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**Learning Objectives:**

**The student will:**- Take a pretest on fractions Pretest
- Produce a book of fraction information to use during the progress of the lessons in Unit 11.
- Work as a team to help create a flipchart for one of the pages in the book.
- Present the page produced by their group to the rest of the class.
- Take a post-test upon completion of unit 11 lessons.
- Test Rubric

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**Describe the prerequisite knowledge and skills the students will need to be successful:**

- Students will need a basic understanding of their multiplication facts 1-10
- Students will need a basic understanding of their division facts 1-10

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**Describe how the content will be taught:**

The unit will begin with a pretest to determine student understanding of fractions. We will also spend a couple of days exploring the plastic fractions pieces to develop a beginning understanding of what fractions look like and how they can be compared. The Fraction Book activity will consist of a series of lessons taught over the course of 2-3 weeks. The book has 20 pages of reference information which will be separated into 2 page lessons each day. Students will be provided with paper fractions in both wheel and bar form to use to build their fractions on the pages. Each day of the first week we will discuss two pages of content and complete those pages in the book as a whole class. Once the first 12 pages are complete we will break up into five groups of five students each to work on the remaining pages. These pages consist of equivalent fractions, improper fractions, mixed numbers, changing improper fractions to mixed numbers and mixed numbers to improper fractions, and the addition and subtraction of fractions with both like and unlike denominators. Each group will first use the paper fraction pieces to build their pages, and then work together with me to create a flipchart page to present to the class.

**Describe the students’ product:**

Students will have a book of reference information on fractions when lessons are complete. Student will also have helped produce a flipchart page to teach the class about one of the remaining pages of the book.

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**Describe how the students’ learning will be evaluated or how the students work will be graded:**

Students will be grade using the attached rubric. Book Rubric

**Describe how the content will be retaught if students do not demonstrate mastery:**

Students will be given extra time as well as small group instruction to review understanding as needed. Students will have access to both paper and plastic manipulatives to use to build and create fractions as needed to develop understanding. Students will also be given time to access the computer activities to help with their understanding.

**Describe how the content will be enhanced if students demonstrate mastery quickly:**

Students who finish quickly will have the opportunity to work independently on the lessons in their math journals. Once lessons are complete they may take to post test for the unit. Students may also access the computer to play the fraction games provided to extend their understanding and practice their skills.

**Describe Web resources, apps, materials, literature books, or other resources that will be used to enhance the learning experience for students:**

The following websites can be used by students to practice their understanding of fractions.

http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/math.htm#fractions

http://www.math-play.com/math-fractions-games.html

In addition, I will have both paper and plastic fraction pieces for students to use in the building of fractions.

**Assessment:**

The pretest was given to the students at the beginning of the unit. This is done with each unit to gauge the students understanding of the concepts prior to teaching. The results enable me to tailor my instruction to meets the student needs without boring them with information they already have.

The post test is very similar to the pretest but will be done upon completion of the unit objectives. As we have not yet finished the unit I have yet to administer the post test. We will be reviewing the unit objectives next week and will take our posttest on May 3^{rd}.

The flipchart with our Fraction Book for both the student and teacher version is located in the link above as well as the flipchart pages created by the students. As I had the students working in groups to create both the story and the chart they were assessed on both completion of the objectives and participation in the group. The pictures are of some of the pages created in the book by a couple of students. As the book has 20 pages I chose to photograph only a few for the artifact. Upon completion of the unit each student will leave with their fraction book. They will be able to use the resource in future classes. The link for the rubric used in grading the books is also in the information above. Right now we are struggling with a couple of the concepts and have taken some time to review them before continuing.

The presentation I am creating for next week is coming along with only a few bumps. I really like Voice Thread and am working to put the final finishing touches on my presentation. My biggest hurdle has been that I cannot upload Promethean Flipcharts to Voice Thread. My response was to transfer the information to a Power Point and save it as a PDF. Once that was complete all I had to do was to arrange the pages in a concise and logical manner. I will be putting the final touches on the voice this weekend before uploading to Live Text. I did not get the chance to really explore the Show Me app in order to use it for this project. Also with the size of my group I would probably use it use it during a small group reteach lesson or individual lesson. It would be a great app to use if all of my students had an iPad. Something to look forward to in the future.

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