Title of Activity: Fraction Reference Book 

Grade Level: 3^{rd} grade 

Lesson Plan Created By: Leslie Burdick 

Alaska Mathematics Standards Taught: 
a. Understand two fractions as equivalent if they are the same size (modeled) or the same point on a number line. b. Recognize and generate simple equivalent fractions (e.g., 1/2 = 2/4, 4/6 = 2/3). Explain why the fractions are equivalent (e.g., by using a visual fraction model). c. Express and model whole numbers as fractions, and recognize and construct fractions that are equivalent to whole numbers. d. Compare two fractions with the same numerator or the same denominator by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions (e.g., by using a visual fraction model).

Learning Objectives: 
The student will:

Describe the prerequisite knowledge and skills the students will need to be successful: 

Describe how the content will be taught: 
The unit will begin with a pretest to determine student understanding of fractions. We will also spend a couple of days exploring the plastic fractions pieces to develop a beginning understanding of what fractions look like and how they can be compared. The Fraction Book activity will consist of a series of lessons taught over the course of 23 weeks. The book has 20 pages of reference information which will be separated into 2 page lessons each day. Students will be provided with paper fractions in both wheel and bar form to use to build their fractions on the pages. Each day of the first week we will discuss two pages of content and complete those pages in the book as a whole class. Once the first 12 pages are complete we will break up into five groups of five students each to work on the remaining pages. These pages consist of equivalent fractions, improper fractions, mixed numbers, changing improper fractions to mixed numbers and mixed numbers to improper fractions, and the addition and subtraction of fractions with both like and unlike denominators. Each group will first use the paper fraction pieces to build their pages, and then work together with me to create a flipchart page to present to the class. 
Describe the students’ product: 
Students will have a book of reference information on fractions when lessons are complete. Student will also have helped produce a flipchart page to teach the class about one of the remaining pages of the book. 
Describe how the students’ learning will be evaluated or how the students work will be graded: 
Students will be grade using the attached rubric. 
Describe how the content will be retaught if students do not demonstrate mastery: 
Students will be given extra time as well as small group instruction to review understanding as needed. Students will have access to both paper and plastic manipulatives to use to build and create fractions as needed to develop understanding. Students will also be given time to access the computer activities to help with their understanding. 
Describe how the content will be enhanced if students demonstrate mastery quickly: 
Students who finish quickly will have the opportunity to work independently on the lessons in their math journals. Once lessons are complete they may take to post test for the unit. Students may also access the computer to play the fraction games provided to extend their understanding and practice their skills.

Describe Web resources, apps, materials, literature books, or other resources that will be used to enhance the learning experience for students: 
The following websites can be used by students to practice their understanding of fractions. http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/math.htm#fractions http://www.mathplay.com/mathfractionsgames.html In addition, I will have both paper and plastic fraction pieces for students to use in the building of fractions. 
Fraction Book Rubric

3 – Proficient 
2 – Learning in Process 
1 – Needs more time and help 
Understand fractions as a part of a whole or set 
can represent fractions with denominators of (2, 3, 4, 6, & 8) using fraction pieces and drawings 
Can represent fractions with denominators (2,3,& 4) using fraction pieces and drawings 
Can represent fractions with denominators (2 & 4 only) using fraction pieces and drawings 
Understand and explain the equivalence of fractions and compare fractions 
Uses fraction pieces to find, compare, and represent equal fractions with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, & 8. 
Use fraction pieces only to find, compare and represent equal fractions with denominators (2,3,& 4) 
Use fraction pieces to find and compare fractions only denominators (2 & 4 only) 
Promethean Flipchart

3 – Proficient 
2 – Learning in Process 
1 – Needs more time and help 
Understand Fractions as a part of a whole or set 
Use computer tools to represent fractions with denominators of (2, 3, 4, 6, & 8) 
Use computer tools to represent fractions with denominators (2,3,& 4) 
Use computer tools to represent fractions with denominators (2 & 4 only) 
Understand and explain the equivalence of fractions and compare fractions 
Use computer tools to show fraction pieces to compare and represent equal fractions with denominators of (2, 3, 4, 6, & 8) 
Use computer tools to show fraction pieces only to find, compare and represent equal fractions with denominators (2,3,& 4) 
Use computer tools to show fraction pieces to find and compare fractions only.

Presenting flipchart page 
clear and concise chart using fractions with denominators of (2, 3, 4, 6, & 8) 
clear chart using fractions with denominators of (2, 3, & 4 only) 
basic chart using fractions with denominators of (2 & 4 only). 